At the Bridge
James Teit and an Anthropology of Belonging
Every once in a while, an important historical figure makes an appearance, makes a difference, and then disappears from the public record. James Teit (1864–1922) was such a figure. A prolific ethnographer and tireless Indian rights activist, Teit spent four decades helping British Columbia’s Indigenous peoples in their challenge of the settler-colonial assault on their lives and territories. Yet his story is little known.
At the Bridge chronicles Teit’s fascinating story. From his base at Spences Bridge, British Columbia, Teit practised a participant- and place-based anthropology – an anthropology of belonging – that covered much of BC and northern Washington, Idaho, Oregon, and Montana. Whereas his contemporaries, including famed anthropologist Franz Boas, studied Indigenous peoples as the last survivors of “dying cultures” in need of preservation in metropolitan museums, Teit worked with them as members of living cultures actively asserting jurisdiction over their lives and lands. Whether recording stories and songs, mapping place-names, or participating in the chiefs’ fight for fair treatment, he made their objectives his own. With his allies, he produced copious, meticulous records; an army of anthropologists could not have achieved a fraction of what Teit achieved in his short life.
Wendy Wickwire’s beautifully crafted narrative accords Teit the status he deserves. At the Bridge serves as a long-overdue corrective, consolidating Teit’s place as a leading and innovative anthropologist in his own right.
This book will appeal to those interested in the history of anthropology, settler-Indigenous relations in the Pacific Northwest, and Indigenous political resistance in the early twentieth century. Scholars of law, treaties, and politics in British Columbia will find invaluable information in this book.
Wickwire has done B.C. scholars and Indigenous peoples an essential service in deftly peeling back the layers of personality, family, and life circumstances of one of Canada’s unsung heroes ... [her] work is not only highly recommended, but a definite must-read for anyone concerned with the unresolved Indigenous ‘land question’ that continues to haunt the province to this day.
Wendy Wickwire’s groundbreaking historical investigation places James Teit as a key figure in early North American anthropology, but also as central to historical Indigenous rights activism in British Columbia.
Wendy Wickwire’s book about James Teit has been eagerly awaited in Shetland, his place of birth. The story of the modest young man who began a new life overseas and became a helpmate to the Indigenous people in his new home is inspiring and engrossing ... a tale told well.
As a Secwepemc, I knew of James Teit and his work, but I did not know his background or why he felt the urge to work with Indigenous people in what is now British Columbia. In At the Bridge, Wendy Wickwire brings Teit to life and gives him the credit he is due by vividly recounting the early history of the Indigenous struggle and of the man who became one of us. I LOVE THIS BOOK.
At first blush this is a biography of James Teit, whose life has been overshadowed by others in American anthropology. But it is so much more. It is a political history of the Pacific Northwest, an account of organizing against the iron fist of Canadian statecraft and settler colonialism, and a rigorous account of anthropological relationships in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries – consensual, strategic, sometimes clearly parasitic – that made for the fields of cultural theory, museology, and social science. This book is a must-read.
Wendy Wickwire’s biography of James Teit is the first comprehensive and authoritative account of this important ethnographer and political activist. This compelling book should become a classic addition to our knowledge of Indigenous-settler relations in early British Columbia.
This is a remarkable book about a remarkable man. A must-read for anyone interested in BC’s history. No one has understood what we now call truth and reconciliation better than James Teit. And Wendy Wickwire has done a magnificent job of bringing the man, his anthropology, and his dedication to Indigenous rights alive. A tour de force.
An enthralling exploration of the undervalued life and legacy of Shetland-born anthropologist James Teit. Wendy Wickwire’s comprehensive biography rescues from obscurity a remarkable man whose ethnographic studies and informed political activism for Indigenous rights continue to shape British Columbia’s history.
With the verve of a gifted storyteller, the passion of a lifetime’s work in the region, and immaculate research, Wickwire traces Teit’s journeys between Shetland and Spences Bridge, Boasian anthropology and Indigenous forms of knowledge, northern Scots socialism and Indigenous community. This book is a timely and intimate study of the painstaking work of building cultural bridges.
James Teit spoke three Interior Salish languages, wrote several superb ethnographies, and devoted himself to Indigenous rights. Wendy Wickwire’s splendid book reveals this great man – his politics, his situated anthropology, his difficult relationship with Franz Boas – as never before.
1 Missing in History
2 Boats, Trains, Horses
3 Dear Auld Rock
5 Paper Mountain
7 Capital of Resistance
8 The Indians’ Agent
10 Farewell Coyote, Hello Jack
The First Nations of British Columbia, Third Edition
An Anthropological Overview
Standing Up with G̲a'ax̱sta'las
Jane Constance Cook and the Politics of Memory, Church, and Custom
Where Happiness Dwells
A History of the Dane-zaa First Nations
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