Canadians have a right to live in cities that meet their basic needs in a dignified way. In recent decades, however, growing inequality and polarization have been reshaping the social landscape of Canada’s metropolitan areas, changing neigbourhoods and negatively affecting the lived realities of increasingly diverse urban populations.
This book examines the dimensions and impacts of increased economic inequality and urban socio-spatial polarization since the 1980s. Based on the work of the Neighbourhood Change Research Partnership, an innovative national comparative study of seven cities (Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Winnipeg, Hamilton, and Halifax), the authors reveal the dynamics of neighbourhood change across the Canadian urban system. By mapping average income trends across neighbourhoods, they show the kinds of factors – social, economic, and cultural – that influenced residential options and redistributed concentrations of poverty and affluence.
While the heart of the book lies in the project’s findings from each city, other chapter provide important context. The first three chapters discuss the trends, theories, and methodological puzzles that motivated the research and guided its development. The final two chapters offer reflections on lessons learned from the research and the implications for theory and practice. Taken together, they offer important understandings of the depth and the breadth of the problem at hand and signal the urgency for concerted policy responses in the decades to come.
The book will be of interest to academics concerned with social change and inequality and polarization, as well as those in urban studies and planning, urban geography, and sociology. Because it addresses the policy implications of neighbourhood change, it will also appeal to policy practitioners and policy makers.
This book is an invaluable resource for planners, policy makers, NGOs, community activists, and students seeking to understand the driving forces behind neighbourhood change.
Sets the benchmark for future discussions about urban inequality in Canada.
Jill L. Grant is a professor emeritus of planning at Dalhousie University in Halifax, and a fellow of the Canadian Institute of Planners. She is the author or editor of five books and of dozens of scholarly articles. She has received several awards from the Canadian Institute of Planners and the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning and has had articles included in prize-winning collections selected by the World Planning Schools Association.
Alan Walks is a professor of urban geography and planning at the University of Toronto. He has published numerous scholarly articles related to urban inequality, gentrification, financialization, electoral geography, neighbourhood change, and housing policy, among other things. He is the editor of The Political Economy and Ecology of Automobolity: Driving Cities, Driving Inequality, Driving Politics (2015), and co-editor of The Political Ecology of the Metropolis (2013).
Howard Ramos is a professor of sociology at Dalhousie University in Halifax. He is author or editor of four books. He has published on a wide range of social justice issues ranging from political mobilization, to human rights and equity issues, and perceptions of change.
Foreword / Janet L. Smith
Part 1: Exploring Neighbourhood Change
1 Inequality and Neighbourhood Change: Context, Concept, and Process / Larry S. Bourne and J. David Hulchanski
2 Plus ça Change: Neighbourhood Inequality in Canadian Cities since 1900 / Richard Harris
3 Using Social Dimensions and Neighbourhood Typologies to Characterize Neighbourhood Change / Ivan Townshend and Robert Murdie
Part 2: Investigating Neighbourhood Change in Canada
4 Inequality and Neighbourhood Change in the Greater Toronto Region / Alan Walks
5 Montreal: The Changing Drivers of Inequality between Neighbourhoods / Xavier Leloup and Damaris Rose
6 The Social Geography of Uneven Incomes in Metropolitan Vancouver / David Ley and Nicholas Lynch
7 Hamilton: Poster Child for Concentrated Poverty / Richard Harris
8 Halifax: Scaling Inequality / Jill L. Grant and Howard Ramos
9 Neighbourhood Change in Calgary: An Evolving Geography of Income Inequality and Social Difference / Ivan Townshend, Byron Miller, and Derek Cook
10 People, Policies, and Place: Indigenous and Immigrant Population Shift s in Winnipeg’s Inner-City Neighbourhoods / Jino Distasio and Sarah Zell
Part 3: Understanding the Implications of Neighbourhood Change
11 Mapping Canada’s Fragmented Social Policy Space: Plotting Ways to Reverse Trends in Inequality and Segregation through Coordinated Poverty Reduction / Scott Graham, Stephanie Procyk, and Michelynn Laflèche
12 Evaluating Neighbourhood Inequality and Change: Lessons from a National Comparison / Jill L. Grant, Alan Walks, and Howard Ramos
References; Contributors; Index
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