Community Forestry in Canada
Lessons from Policy and Practice
In the past three decades, community forestry has taken root across Canada. Locally run initiatives have been lauded as welcome alternatives to large corporate and industrial logging practices, yet little research has been done to document their tangible outcomes or draw connections between their ideals of local control, community benefit, ecological stewardship, and economic diversification and the realities of community forestry practice.
This book brings together the work of over twenty-five researchers to provide the first comparative and empirically rich portrait of community forestry policy and practice in Canada. Tackling all of the forestry regions from Newfoundland to BC, it unearths the history of community forestry, revealing surprisingly strong regional differences linked to patterns of policy-making and cultural traditions. Case studies celebrate innovative practices in governance and ecological management while uncovering significant challenges related to government support and market access. The future of the industry is also considered, including the role of institutional reform, multiscale networks, and adaptive management strategies.
This book is key reading for community forestry organizations, government policy makers, environmental NGOs, as well as students and scholars of forest policy, environmental studies, rural sociology, geography, and Canadian studies.
This is the first anthology on the subject of community forestry to specifically examine the Canadian context … This volume provides insights into how policy and governance surrounding community forestry in Canada is being reshaped through strong public processes initiated by local residents and organizations … How will these kinds of political-economic negotiations affect the ongoing development of community forestry in British Columbia, as well as in other parts of Canada? For people on the ground grappling with these questions, Teitelbaum’s compilation provides a vital starting point.
Though this work will be most relevant to readers in Canada or those with a specific focus in Canadian studies, it will also be a strong resource for individuals interested in forest governance and/or community-based resource management. Summing Up: Recommended.
‘…[Community Forestry in Canada]'s layout in 14 stand-alone chapters makes it accessible, and it will be of interest to students studying social forestry or forestry practitioners working in the field of community forestry within the UK or worldwide […] Twenty-eight people contributed to this book and it is extremely well referenced, confirming it a useful source of information.
By bringing together many excellent scholars of community forestry and related themes, Sara Teitelbaum has created a comprehensive, analytically rich, and exciting assessment of community forestry in Canada.
This comprehensive collection of essays on community forestry will be an asset not only to those working in forestry policy but indeed to anyone working in the broader fields of community-based resource management in Canada.
Sara Teitelbaum is an assistant professor in the Sociology Department at the University of Montreal. Her work has been published in numerous journals including Forest Policy and Economics and the Journal of Environmental Management.
Contributors: Lisa Ambus, Thomas Beckley, Ryan Bullock, Sara Carson, Guy Chiasson, Alan Diduck, Peter N. Duinker, Erin C. Kelly, Édith Leclerc, Erik Leslie, L. Kris MacLellan, Kirsten McIlveen, Solange Nadeau, Teika Newton, Bram Noble, Lynn Palmer, John R. Parkins, Evelyn Pinkerton, Maureen G. Reed, Lauren Rethoret, Michelle Rhodes, James Robson, Murray Rutherford, Chander Shahi, A. John Sinclair, M.A. (Peggy) Smith, and Mya Wheeler
Introduction: A Shared Framework for the Analysis of Community Forestry in Canada
Part 1: Regional Portraits
1 The Roots of Community Forestry: Subsistence and Regional Development in Newfoundland / Erin C. Kelly and Sara Carson
2 Community Forestry in the Maritimes: Long-Standing Debates and Recent Developments / Thomas Beckley
3 Community Forestry in Quebec: A Search for Alternative Forest Governance Models / Solange Nadeau and Sara Teitelbaum
4 Community Forestry on Crown Land in Northern Ontario: Emerging Paradigm or Localized Anomaly? / Lynn Palmer, M.A. (Peggy) Smith, and Chander Shahi
5 Forests and Communities on the Fringe: An Overview of Community Forestry in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba / John R. Parkins, Ryan Bullock, Bram Noble, and Maureen G. Reed
6 Community Forestry in British Columbia: From a Movement to an Institution / Lisa Ambus
Part 2: Case Studies: Connecting Principle and Practice
7 Community Forestry in an Age of Crisis: Structural Change, the Mountain Pine Beetle, and the Evolution of the Burns Lake Community Forest / Kirsten McIlveen and Michelle Rhodes
8 Searching for Common Ground: An Urban Forest Initiative in Northwestern Ontario / James Robson, Mya Wheeler, A. John Sinclair, Alan Diduck, M.A. (Peggy) Smith, and Teika Newton
9 Community Forestry and Local Development at the Periphery: Four Cases from Western Quebec / Édith Leclerc and Guy Chiasson
10 Striking the Balance: Source Water Protection and Organizational Resilience in BC’s Community Forests / Lauren Rethoret, Murray Rutherford, and Evelyn Pinkerton
11 Practicing Participatory Governance through Community Forestry: A Qualitative Analysis of Four Canadian Case Studies / Sara Teitelbaum
Part 3: Community Forestry: Looking Towards the Future
12 Stronger Rights, Novel Outcomes: Why Community Forests Need More Control over Forest Management / Erik Leslie
13 Whither Community Forests in Canada? Scenarios of Forest Governance, Adaptive Policy Development, and the Example of Nova Scotia / Peter N. Duinker and L. Kris MacLellan
14 Towards an Integrated System of Communities and Forests in Canada / Ryan Bullock and Maureen G. Reed
Corporate Social Responsibility and the State
International Approaches to Forest Co-Regulation
By Jane Lister
Policies for Sustainably Managing Canada’s Forests
Tenure, Stumpage Fees, and Forest Practices
Aboriginal Peoples and Forest Lands in Canada
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