Mark D. Varien
Peril and Change in the Thirteenth-Century Southwest
A great mystery in the archaeology of the Southwest is the depopulation of the northern San Juan in the late thirteenth-century AD. Leaving Mesa Verde confronts this mystery with new paleoenvironmental data and much archaeological research. What arises is a story of conflict and disruption as a result of climate change, environmental degradation, social rigidity, and conflict.
Research on hunting and gathering peoples has given anthropologists a long-standing conceptual framework of sedentism and mobility based on seasonality and ecological constraints. This work challenges that position by arguing that mobility is a socially negotiated activity and that neither mobility nor sedentism can be understood ...
Ancient Puebloan communities thrived in the Mesa Verde region for centuries, and the abandonment of this area by Puebloan peoples remains an intriguing subject of archaeological research. Environmental change, resource depletion, and conflict are but a few of the proposed causes of the thirteenth-century emigration from the region. Clues ...
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