On the Side of the Angels
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Release Date:15 Mar 2017
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On the Side of the Angels

Canada and the United Nations Commission on Human Rights

UBC Press

When it comes to upholding human rights both at home and abroad, many Canadians would like to believe that we have always been “on the side of the angels.” This book tells the story of Canada’s contributions – both good and bad – to the development and advancement of international human rights law at the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) from its creation in 1946 to its dissolution in 2006.

The CHR gave Canada the opportunity to forge a reputation as a human rights leader, while simultaneously advancing international laws and reforms that served its strategic interests as well as those of its allies. This book scrutinizes this reputation by examining Canada’s involvement in a number of contentious human rights issues – political, civil, racial, women’s, Indigenous, and, in particular, the response to mass human rights violations. It finds that Canada’s record was mixed, its priorities motivated by a variety of considerations, both domestic and international.

An in-depth historical overview of six decades of Canadian engagement within the UN human rights system, On The Side of the Angels offers new insights into the nuances, complexities, and contradictions of Canada’s human rights policies. It also reveals that, despite its limitations, the international human rights law established at the UN offers the best hope of a world in which all citizens are able to enjoy a dignified existence.

This book will be of interest to scholars and students of international human rights law, the history of Canadian foreign policy, and international relations.

Andrew S. Thompson has written a fascinating account of the evolving role Canada has played in the United Nations human rights system since the 1940s. Deeply researched and written with aplomb, On the Side of the Angels will have considerable impact. William Schabas, OC, professor of international law, Middlesex University London
This is a well-researched and fair-minded account of how Canada contributed to and interfered with the operations of the UNCHR at different points in its evolution. In it, Canada is revealed to be a state like most others: sometimes forward thinking and sometimes retrogressive. It is a balanced portrayal that neither glorifies Canada’s role nor seeks to “deconstruct” it in a superficially critical way. Stephen J. Toope, former president and vice-chancellor of UBC and director of the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto
In looking deeply into Canadian diplomacy, Andrew S. Thompson shines a light on the inconsistencies of Canadian policy-makers as they struggled to advance human rights globally, while being reluctant to submit Canadian practice to international scrutiny. Nonetheless, he finds that Canada has usually been on the side of the angels, a happier place than the alternative. Paul Heinbecker, former Canadian ambassador, permanent representative to the UN, and distinguished fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation
Andrew S. Thompson is an adjunct assistant professor of political science at the University of Waterloo and a fellow at both the Centre for International Governance Innovation and Balsillie School of International Affairs.

Foreword / Alex Neve

Introduction

1 Ideologies, Interests, and the “Impracticalities” of International Human Rights Law, 1946–54

2 Tackling Racial Discrimination, 1963–65

3 Tehran and the Struggle for Control of the UN Human Rights Agenda, 1967–68

4 Gross Violations and the Foxes that Guard the Hen House, 1975–79

5 The Rights of Indigenous Peoples, 1982–84

6 Apartheid and the Perils of Casting Stones, 1989–93

7 Equality Rights and the Prohibition of Violence against Women, 1991–94

8 Mass Insecurity and the Demise of the Commission, 1995–2006

Conclusion

Notes; Selected Bibliography; Index

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