Teachers' Schools and the Making of the Modern Chinese Nation-State, 1897-1937
320 pages, 6 x 9
17 tables, 1 map
Release Date:01 Jul 2007
Release Date:28 Feb 2007
Release Date:01 Jul 2007

Teachers' Schools and the Making of the Modern Chinese Nation-State, 1897-1937

UBC Press

Teachers’ Schools and the Making of the Modern Chinese Nation-State is an innovative account of educational and social transformations in politically tumultuous early twentieth-century China. It focuses on the unique nature of Chinese teachers’ schools, which bridged Chinese and Western ideals, and the critical role that these schools played in the changes sweeping Chinese society. It also documents their role in the empowerment of women and the production of grassroots forces leading to the Communist Revolution.

Teachers’ Schools and the Making of the Modern Chinese Nation-State will attract attention from scholars in Asian studies, Chinese history, educational history, and comparative studies, and will also appeal to graduate and undergraduate students in these fields.


  • 2008, Winner - Academic Award for Excellence, Chinese Historians in the US
The last decade has seen a burgeoning of research on ‘modern’ Chinese education and educational history. Xiaoping Cong’s book stands out because of its important focus on the social role of teacher preparation institutions in the pre-Second World War period. One of its key contributions, particularly for an English-speaking audience, is its extensive use of Chinese language scholarship and archival information. Heidi Ross, co-editor of The Ethnographic Eye: Interpretive Studies of Education in China
A major contribution to the study of teachers’ schools in Republican China. Xiaoping Cong’s work helps us understand why China’s rural society and lasting feudal structure were transformed and dismantled during the Republican period and also what led to the success of the Chinese Communist Party in 1949. It will be an important reading for students and scholars of Chinese intellectual history, women’s history, and education. George Wei, author of Sino-American Economic Relations, 1944-49
Xiaoping Cong is an associate professor of history at the University of Houston.


1 The Imperial School System and Education Reform in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century: A Historical Review

2 Education and Society in Transition: The Rise of Teachers’ Schools, 1897-1911

3 Pursuing Modernization in Trying Times: Teachers’ Schools from 1912-22

4 Modernity and the Village: The Emergence of Village Teachers’ Schools, 1922-30

5 Nationalizing the Local: Teachers’ Schools in Rural Reconstruction, 1930-37

6 Transforming the Revolution: Social and Political Aspects of Teachers’ Schools, 1930-37





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