The Terrific Engine
Income Taxation and the Modernization of the Canadian Political Imaginary
The Terrific Engine is the story of how the engine of income taxation profoundly transformed the way people talk and think about politics in Canada. What do we mean by left wing or right wing? This language of a political spectrum came into use in the early twentieth century, when political parties began to distinguish their platforms by offering different approaches to income distribution.
Drawing on heated debates that demonstrated the immense imaginative power of income taxation, David Tough traces the modernization of political language from the 1911 election through the Second World War. It was during this time that a new political imaginary was born, when political parties began to map themselves from left to right based on their ideas about the use of income taxation to fund equalizing social programs.
Countering a strongly held myth that income taxation was imposed on a reluctant public, Tough argues that its introduction is in fact a story of democracy. People first demanded that this new form of taxation replace existing ones, and then that it be used to address income inequality. And, in establishing a clear basis for party differences, income taxation made elections significantly more democratic.
This book will find its largest audience among scholars of Canadian political history, political rhetoric, taxation, social movements, and social inequality.
The Terrific Engine is a terrific book on an overlooked but important topic: taxation! Who knew that income tax could be so interesting? David Tough’s book will be a go-to source for students of Canadian political history.
David Tough deftly connects changes in the party system to popular movements for social change to the seemingly dull world of taxation, demonstrating that the historic emergence of taxes as politics was anything but dull.
Introduction: A Political History of Possibility
Part 1: The People’s Enlightenment and the Destruction of the Two-Party System
1 A Clear Line? The Great Deception and the Farmers’ Critique of the Tariff , 1910–11
2 The Brink of the Abyss: The “Conscription of Wealth” and the Party System, 1917–19
Part 2: The Citizenship of Contribution and the Construction of the Modern Political Imaginary
3 The Curve of Progressivity: “Fiscal Need” and the Constitution, 1921–39
4 A Modern Measure? The Income Tax Sublime and the Left–Right Spectrum, 1940–45
Conclusion: Income Taxation, Democracy, and the Modern Political Imaginary
Notes; Bibliography; Index
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