The creation of the Canada–US border in the Pacific Northwest is often presented as a tale of two nations and two ideologies, but beyond the macro-political dynamics is the experience of individuals.
Before and After the State takes a multidisciplinary approach to examining the imposition of a border across a region that already held a vibrant, highly complex society and dynamic trading networks. It details the evolution of local, trading, and immigrant populations as they moved into the Pacific Northwest and imposed control over public power. Allan McDougall, Lisa Philips, and Daniel Boxberger use case studies to document the malleable character of identity – the discrepancy between individual lives and externally imposed assessments of those lives – and review the strength of national narratives north and south of the border.
The authors explore fundamental questions of state formation, social transformation, and the (re)construction of identity to expose the devices and myths of nation building. In revealing the mechanics of this transformation, they demonstrate how the creation of nation states and borders affected the people who lived in the region before and through the transition – with repercussions that still reverberate.
This book will find an audience among scholars of Pacific Northwest and BC studies, Indigenous studies, anthropology, history, and borderland studies. It will also be of interest to political scientists and legal scholars of borderland issues.
The authors show that histories on both sides of the border have downplayed pioneering before large-scale western migration.
After reading this book one may never look at the Pacific Northwest in quite the same way.
This exciting new work has much to offer on alternative understandings of Indigenous sovereignty in the trans-border Pacific Northwest. It will be an important study for scholars, students, and the general public interested in the region’s many aspects of society, culture, and history and how we should understand them better.
Introduction: Hegemonic Transformation and the Imposition of the State in the Pacific Northwest / Lisa Philips and Allan K. McDougall
Part 1: Superimposing a Statist Structure: Setting the Stage
1 Setting the Political Stage in the Pacific Northwest / Allan K. McDougall
2 Identities on the Fringe / Daniel L. Boxberger
3 Eastern Games, Western Lives, 1793–1846 / Allan K. McDougall
4 Superimposing the Statist System / Allan K. McDougall
5 On a Mission: Translocality and Hegemonic Transformation in Nineteenth-Century Oregon / Allan K. McDougall
6 The Impact of Hegemonic Change on Blended Communities / Daniel L. Boxberger
Part 2: Hegemonic Transformation: Roles, Players, and Improvisations
7 Creating a Script: Hegemonic Transformation, Identity, and Translocality / Allan K. McDougall
8 Defining Roles and Constructing the Cast / Lisa Philips
9 Early Improvisations: Ranald MacDonald / Lisa Philips
10 Written out of the Script: Three Generations of McKays / Lisa Philips
11 Later Revisions: (Re)constructing the Cast of US and Canadian Pioneers / Lisa Philips
Conclusion: Epic Scripts / Lisa Philips and Allan K. McDougall
Fort Chipewyan and the Shaping of Canadian History, 1788-1920s
"We like to be free in this country"
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