Communities of Practice
192 pages, 6 x 9
9 halftones, 12 tables
Release Date:13 Jun 2013

Communities of Practice

An Alaskan Native Model for Language Teaching and Learning

The University of Arizona Press
Educators, scholars, and community activists recognize that immersion education is a key means to restoring Indigenous and other heritage languages. But language maintenance and revitalization involve many complex issues, foremost may be the lack of local professional development opportunities for potential language teachers.

In Alaska, the Second Language Acquisition Teacher Education (SLATE) project was designed to enable Indigenous communities and schools to improve the quality of native-language and English-language instruction and assessment by focusing on the elimination of barriers that have historically hindered degree completion for Indigenous and rural teachers. The Guided Research Collaborative (GRC) model, was employed to support the development of communities of practice through near-peer mentoring and mutual scaffolding. Through this important new model, teachers of both the heritage language, in this case Central Yup’ik, and English were able to situate their professional development into a larger global context based on current notions of multilingualism.

In Communities of Practice contributors show how the SLATE program was developed and implemented, providing an important model for improving second-language instruction and assessment. Through an in-depth analysis of the program, contributors show how this project can be successfully adapted in other communities via its commitment to local control in language programming and a model based on community-driven research.

Communities of Practice demonstrates how an initial cohort of Yup’ik- and English-language teachers collaborated to negotiate and ultimately completed the SLATE program. In so doing, these educators enhanced the program and their own effectiveness as teachers through a greater understanding of language learning. It is these understandings that will ultimately allow heritage- and English-language teachers to work together to foster their students’ success in any language.


Provides positive examples that can be readily implemented elsewhere, as well as cautionary tales about the particular challenges that the authors dealt with in delivering this program.’—Anthropological Linguistics

‘This collaborative participatory action research project focused on peer teacher (student) and faculty–student engagement that led to reciprocal learning between Alaska Native students and faculty. Specifically, for both faculty and students it culminated in a deeper understanding and an appreciation of the sophistication and power of Indigenous knowledge as a tool for teaching and for transforming education in local classrooms and at the university level.’—Eunice Romero-Little, contributor to Best Practices in ELL Instruction
Patrick E. Marlow is an associate professor of linguistics at the Alaska Native Language Center and the School of Education at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Sabine Siekmann is an associate professor in the Linguistics Program and the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
Prologue: Community of Practice
Patrick E. Marlow, Marliee Coles-Ritchie, Sabine Siekmann, and Joan Parker Webster
1 SLATE Context and History
Patrick E. Marlow and Sabine Siekmann
2 Mentoring: Engaging Communities of Practice
Joan Parker Webster and Sabine Siekmann
3 Reinventing Technology: Computers as Tools for Coconstructing the Local Voice in Materials Development
Sabine Siekmann and Hishinlai’ “Kathy R. Sikorski”
4 On Becoming a “Literate” Person: Meaning Making with Multiliteracies and Multimodal Tools
Joan Parker Webster and Theresa Arevgaq John
5 Teachers Drawing on the Power of Place to Indigenize Assessment
Marliee Coles-Ritchie and Walkie Charles
6 Ellangluni: Power, Awareness, and Agency in Language Planning
Patrick E. Marlow and April G. L. Counceller
7 Conversations
Patrick E. Marlow, Marliee Coles-Ritchie, Sabine Siekmann, and Joan Parker Webster

About the Editors
About the Contributors
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