Mexican Workers and the Making of Arizona
400 pages, 6 x 9
37 b&w illustrations, 4 maps, 14 tables
Paperback
Release Date:30 Jul 2019
ISBN:9780816540679
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Mexican Workers and the Making of Arizona

The University of Arizona Press
On any given day in Arizona, thousands of Mexican-descent workers labor to make living in urban and rural areas possible. The majority of such workers are largely invisible. Their work as caretakers of children and the elderly, dishwashers or cooks in restaurants, and hotel housekeeping staff, among other roles, remains in the shadows of an economy dependent on their labor.

Mexican Workers and the Making of Arizona centers on the production of an elastic supply of labor, revealing how this long-standing approach to the building of Arizona has obscured important power relations, including the state’s favorable treatment of corporations vis-à-vis workers. Building on recent scholarship about Chicanas/os and others, the volume insightfully describes how U.S. industries such as railroads, mining, and agriculture have fostered the recruitment of Mexican labor, thus ensuring the presence of a surplus labor pool that expands and contracts to accommodate production and profit goals.

The volume’s contributors delve into examples of migration and settlement in the Salt River Valley; the mobilization and immobilization of cotton workers in the 1920s; miners and their challenge to a dual-wage system in Miami, Arizona; Mexican American women workers in midcentury Phoenix; the 1980s Morenci copper miners’ strike and Chicana mobilization; Arizona’s industrial and agribusiness demands for Mexican contract labor; and the labor rights violations of construction workers today.

Mexican Workers and the Making of Arizona fills an important gap in our understanding of Mexicans and Mexican Americans in the Southwest by turning the scholarly gaze to Arizona, which has had a long-standing impact on national policy and politics.
Luis F. B. Plascencia is the author of Disenchanting Citizenship: Mexican Migrants and the Boundaries of Belonging.

Gloria H. Cuádraz is a co-editor of Claiming Home, Shaping Community: Testimonios de los valles and a member of the Latina Feminist Group, co-authors of Telling to Live: Latina Feminist Testimonios.
Prologue: Contextualizing Mexican Labor and Arizona’s National Importance
Introduction: Arizona’s Six Cs and Mexicana/o Labo
1. Lost Land and México Lindo: Origins of Mexicans in Arizona’s Salt River Valley, 1865–1910
Jaime R. Águila and F. Arturo Rosales
2. The Mobilization and Immobilization of “Legally Imported Aliens”: Cotton in the Salt River Valley, 1917–1921
Gloria H. Cuádraz
3. “Get Us Our Privilege of Bringing in Mexican Labor”: Recruitment and Desire for Mexican Labor in Arizona, 1917–2017
Luis F. B. Plascencia
PHOTO ESSAY
4. Mexicano Miners, Dual Wage, and the Pursuit of Wage Equality in Miami, Arizona
Christine Marin and Luis F. B. Plascencia
5. Mexican American Women Workers in Mid-Twentieth-Century Phoenix
Jean Reynolds
6. The Morenci Miners Women’s Auxiliary during the Great Arizona Copper Strike, 1983–1986
Anna Ochoa O’Leary
7. Constructing Arizona: The Lives and Labor of Mexicans in the Valley of the Sun
Cristina Gallardo-Sanidad
Epilogue
Acknowledgments
References
Contributors
Index
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