Setting the Standard
424 pages, 6 x 9
31 tables, 7 charts
Release Date:01 Jul 2009
Release Date:17 Oct 2008

Setting the Standard

Certification, Governance, and the Forest Stewardship Council

UBC Press

Setting the Standard chronicles the emergence andimplications of an ambitious experiment in civil-society-led globalgovernance: the Forest Stewardship Council. The FSC was born in 1993 asa grassroots initiative to promote "environmentally appropriate,socially beneficial, and economically viable management of theworld's forests" through an international system of forestcertification.

The recent establishment of an FSC standard for British Columbia wasachieved only after difficult and protracted negotiations at theregional, national, and global levels. Drawing on a pioneering casestudy of this negotiation process, Setting the Standardexplores the challenges associated with implementing the FSC'sglobal vision on the ground. It also undertakes a detailed comparativeanalysis of FSC standards and standard-setting processes elsewhere inCanada, the United States, and Europe, and grapples with the broaderimplications of the emerging FSC experience for global governance andregulatory theory.

A superb extended case study of the development of the Forest Stewardship Council's British Columbia forestry certification standard. This book's multi-level, interdisciplinary comparative analysis yields a rich set of insights that challenge many conventional regulatory paradigms. Michael Trebilcock, Chair in Law and Economics, University of Toronto, and co-author of The Regulation of International Trade, 3rd edition
A powerful and well-researched account of the emergence of forest certification in the British Columbia forest sector. The authors' attention to democratic processes within forest certification is path breaking, and their calls for reform are important. Benjamin Cashore, Professor, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, and co-author of Governing Through Markets: Forest Certification and the Emergence of Non-State Authority
This book makes an absolutely essential contribution to the literature on voluntary environmental standards and environmental certification schemes by providing the sort of detailed, contextual, and comparative empirical account of standard-setting that is fundamental to advance our understanding of the phenomenon of contemporary governance. Stepan Wood, Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School, and co-editor of Environmental Law for Sustainability
Chris Tollefson is a professor of law at theUniversity of Victoria. Fred Gale is a senior lecturerin the School of Government at the University of Tasmania.David Haley is a professor emeritus of the Departmentof Forest Resources Management at the University of British Columbia.

1 Introduction
Part 1: Developing the FSC-BC Standard
2 The Rise and Rise of Forest Certification
3 The BC Forest Policy Context
4 Hard Bargaining: Negotiating an FSC Standard for British Columbia
5 Beyond British Columbia: Standards Development in OtherJurisdictions
Part 2: Analyzing the FSC-BC Standard
6 Tenure, Use Rights, and Benefits from the Forest 
7 Community and Workers' Rights
8 Indigenous Peoples' Rights
9 Environmental Values
Part 3: Governance within and beyond the FSC System
10 A Political Network Analysis of FSC Governance
11 A Regulatory Analysis of FSC Governance
12 An Institutional Analysis of FSC Governance
Part 4: Conclusions
13 Theorizing Regulation and Governance within and beyond theFSC
14 Reflections on the Nature and Significance of the FSC-BC Case


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