The Archaeology and History of Pueblo San Marcos
328 pages, 8 1/2 x 11
16 color plates, 67 figs., 31 maps, 112 tables
Release Date:15 Nov 2017
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The Archaeology and History of Pueblo San Marcos

Change and Stability

University of New Mexico Press

San Marcos, one of the largest late prehistoric Pueblo settlements along the Rio Grande, was a significant social, political, and economic hub both before Spanish colonization and through the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. This volume provides the definitive record of a decade of archaeological investigations at San Marcos, ancestral home to Kewa (formerly Santo Domingo) and Cochiti descendants.

The contributors address archaeological and historical background, artifact analysis, and population history. They explore possible changes in Pueblo social organization, examine population changes during the occupation, and delineate aspects of Pueblo/Spanish interaction that occur with Spaniards' intrusion into the colony and especially the Galisteo Basin. Highlights include historical context, in-depth consideration of archaeological field and laboratory methods, compositional and stylistic analyses of the famed glaze-paint ceramics, analysis of flaked stone that includes obsidian hydration dating, and discussion of the beginnings of colonial metallurgy and protohistoric Pueblo population change.

'This study sets the gold standard for what we can learn from large unit pueblos in the American Southwest based almost entirely on surface assemblages and mapping.'--American Antiquity
The Archaeology and History of Pueblo San Marcos sets the new standard for surface archaeological investigations in the American Southwest. . . . Kudos to Ramenofsky and Schleher for producing a truly exceptional study of this important site.'--Matthew Liebmann, Journal of Anthropological Research
Encyclopedic in detail, this treasure trove provides theoretical historiographies, carefully defined hypotheses, clear methodologies, and well-defined maps, charts, and tables on virtually any subfield of Southwestern archaeology as found at San Marcos. . . . This reference work is an excellent resource for any scholar, professional, or ardent enthusiast of these subjects.'--Western Historical Quarterly
Ann F. Ramenofsky is a professor emerita of anthropology at the University of New Mexico. She is the author of Vectors of Death: The Archaeology of European Contact and the coeditor of Unit Issues in Archaeology: Measuring Time, Space, and Material and Exploring Cause and Explanation: Historical Ecology, Demography, and Movement in the American Southwest. Kari L. Schleher is laboratory manager at the Crow Canyon Archaeological Center and an adjunct assistant professor of anthropology at the University of New Mexico. She is a contributor to Potters and Communities of Practice: Glaze Paint and Polychrome Pottery in the American Southwest, AD 1250 to 1700 and to articles in the Journal of Archaeological Science and Kiva.

List of Illustrations

Chapter One. Introducing San Marcos: A Protohistoric Town in North-Central New Mexico
Ann F. Ramenofsky and Kari L. Schleher
Chapter Two. Situating San Marcos: Space, Time, and Tradition
Ann F. Ramenofsky, Kari L. Schleher, and Ariane O. Pinson
Chapter Three. San Marcos Pueblo and the Galisteo Basin from First Contact to the Pueblo Revolt
Richard Flint
Chapter Four. Temporal Reconstruction of San Marcos
Ann F. Ramenofsky and Jonathan E. Van Hoose
Chapter Five. Cycles of Earth and Wood: The Architectural History of Roomblocks 28 and 29
Ariane O. Pinson
Chapter Six. Re-excavating Nelson's Rooms: The Roomblock 13 Excavations
Ariane O. Pinson and Shawn L. Penman
Chapter Seven. Artifacts from San Marcos Pueblo
Dorothy L. Larson, Kari L. Schleher, Ann F. Ramenofsky, Jonathan E. Van Hoose, and Jennifer Boyd Dyer
Chapter Eight. Learning and Production: The Rio Grande Glaze Ware Community of Practice at San Marcos Pueblo
Kari L. Schleher
Chapter Nine. Lithic Technology at Pueblo San Marcos
Anne M. Compton
Chapter Ten. Obsidian Sourcing, Technology, and Hydration Dating
Ann F. Ramenofsky, Anastasia Steffen, Jeffrey R. Ferguson, Philippe D. LeTourneau, and Adam Okun
Chapter Eleven. Metallurgy and Its Consequences in the New Mexico Colony
David Vaughan
Chapter Twelve. Reconstructing the Population History at San Marcos
Ann F. Ramenofsky
Chapter Thirteen. Roomblocks as Tells: The Devolution of Adobe Buildings and the Formation of the Surface Archaeological Record
Ariane O. Pinson
Chapter Fourteen. Uniform Probability Density Analysis and Population History: A Test at San Marcos
Scott G. Ortman
Chapter Fifteen. On the Question of Protohistoric Pueblo Population Change
Ann F. Ramenofsky

Appendix One. Documented Mining-Related Interactions between Spaniards and Southwestern Indians of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
References Cited
List of Contributors

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