The research involved interviews with 20 victims who went through a Victim Offender Dialogue (used in crimes of severe violence), and documents how the shifts in energy during the course of their dialogue moves the toxicity associated with the crime to a different place. This study explores the role of bilateral forgiveness in restorative work and addresses key questions about the role of forgiveness in restorative justice, such as how it can be measured. It also outlines a model which explains how the energy flow of dyadic forgiveness in restorative justice dialogue is formed.
Rich in data and in findings, this book will deepen understanding of how restorative justice works, and will inform future research and practice in the field.
Armour and Umbreit make a giant leap in the restorative justice discussion. Fascinating reading, and this is a truly new way of speaking about and thinking about the Victim Offender Meditation/Dialogue. This is well worth the read!
An important new theoretical model based on the best of qualitative research-a deep dive into 20 restorative justice dialogues to explain how these encounters created profound psychological transformation for victims of terrible violence.
Marilyn Armour is a University Distinguished Teaching Professor and founding Director of the Institute for Restorative Justice and Restorative Dialogue, in the School of Social Work at the University of Texas at Austin.
Dr. Mark Umbreit is a Professor and the founding Director of the Center for Restorative Justice & Peacemaking at the University of Minnesota School of Social Work.
1. Dyadic Forgiveness in Restorative Justice: A Review of the Field and a Proposed Model
Types of forgiveness
Restorative justice and moral rectification
The energy of forgiveness
Methodology for archival review
Glossary of constructs
Energy flow dynamics in restorative justice dialogue
2. Victim Case Narratives and Analysis
3. Mapping Dyadic Forgiveness: An Analysis of Positive Energy Shifts in Restorative Justice Dialogue
1. Crime and Its Impact
2. Motivation and Preparation: Efforts to Resolve Negatively Charged Energy
Efforts at self-change
Impact of preparation on openness and hesitancy
3. Dyadic dialogue
4. Resolution and Post-Dialogue Outcomes
5. Dyadic forgiveness
Mutual aid: Giving and receiving
Shifts in energy
Movement in negatively to positively charged energy
Role of dissonance in energy movement
Accountability in dyadic forgiveness
Dyadic forgiveness and meaning-making
Dyadic forgiveness and levels of engagement
Dyadic forgiveness and the sense of injustice
The project's limitations
Implications of the project
1. Study methodology
2. Paradox of forgiveness: Reflection sheet
3. Paradox of forgiveness: Interview guide
4. Paradox of forgiveness: Demographic and background survey
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