Although most Canadians are familiar with surveillance cameras andairport security, relatively few are aware of the extent to which thepotential for surveillance is now embedded in virtually every aspect ofour lives. We cannot walk down a city street, register for a class, paywith a credit card, hop on an airplane, or make a telephone callwithout data being captured and processed. Where does such informationgo? Who makes use of it, and for what purpose? Is the loss of controlover our personal information merely the price we pay for using socialmedia and other forms of electronic communication, or should we be waryof systems that make us visible—and thus vulnerable—toothers as never before?
The work of a multidisciplinary research team, Transparent Livesexplains why and how surveillance is expanding—mostlyunchecked—into every facet of our lives. Through an investigationof the major ways in which both government and private sectororganizations gather, monitor, analyze, and share information aboutordinary citizens, the volume identifies nine key trends in theprocessing of personal data that together raise urgent questions ofprivacy and social justice. Intended not only to inform but to make adifference, the volume is deliberately aimed at a broad audience,including legislators and policymakers, journalists, civil libertiesgroups, educators, and, above all, the reading public.
The New Transparency: Surveillance and SocialSorting is a Major Collaborative Research Initiative funded bythe Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Itsgoals are to understand the factors that contribute to the expansion ofsurveillance as a technology of governance, including its underlyingprinciples, technological infrastructures, and institutionalframeworks, and to elucidate the social consequences of surveillancefor institutions and for ordinary people. Transparent Lives reflectsresearch conducted in the course of this seven-year project. The volumewas jointly authored by eleven members of the New Transparency team:Colin J. Bennett, Andrew Clement, Arthur Cockfield, Aaron Doyle, KevinD. Haggerty, Stéphane Leman-Langlois, David Lyon, Benjamin Muller,David Murakami Wood, Laureen Snider, and Valerie M. Steeves.
Introduction How Canadian Lives Became Transparent toWatching Eyes
Trend 1 Expanding Surveillance: From the Atypical to the Routine
Trend 2 Securitization and Surveillance: From Privacy Rights to SecurityRisks
Trend 3 The Blurring of Sectors: From Public Versus Private to Public withPrivate
Trend 4 The Growing Ambiguity of Personal Information: From PersonallyIdentified to Personally Identifiable
Trend 5 Expanding Mobile and Location-Based Surveillance: From Who You Are toWhere You Are
Trend 6 Globalizing Surveillance: From the Domestic to the Worldwide
Trend 7 Embedding Surveillance in Everyday Environments: From the Surveillanceof People to the Surveillance of Things
Trend 8 Going Biometric: From Surveillance of the Body to Surveillance in theBody
Trend 9 Watching by the People: From Them to Us
Conclusion What Can Be Done?
APPENDIX 1: Surveillance and Privacy Laws: FAQS
APPENDIX 2: Surveillance Movies
APPENDIX 3: How to Protect Your Privacy Online: FAQS
APPENDIX 4: Canadian NGOs Concerned with Surveillance, Privacy, andCivil Liberties
APPENDIX 5: Further Reading
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