Contradictory Impulses
310 pages, 6 1/4 x 9
30 b&w photographs, 9 tables, 2 maps
Release Date:01 Jan 2009
Release Date:30 Apr 2008
Release Date:01 Jan 2009

Contradictory Impulses

Canada and Japan in the Twentieth Century

UBC Press

Contradictory Impulses is a comprehensive study of thesocial, political, and economic interactions between Canada and Japanfrom the late nineteenth century until today. Leading scholars drawupon the most recent archival research to examine an importantbilateral relationship that has matured in fits and starts over thepast century.

Canada’s early participation in the Asia-Pacific region washindered by “contradictory impulses” shaping its approach.For over half a century, racist restrictions curtailed immigration fromJapan, even as Canadians manoeuvred for access to the fabled wealth ofthe Orient. Canada’s relations with Japan have changed profoundlysince then. As Contradictory Impulses makes clear, the twocountries’ political, economic, and diplomatic interests are nowmore closely aligned than ever before and wrapped up in a web ofreinforcing cultural and social ties.


  • 2013, Winner - Patricia E. Roy is the recipient of the Canadian Historical Association's Lifetime Achievement Award for 2013.
Contradictory Impulses with its wide range of essays and comprehensive suggestions for further reading, is an important contribution to the literature on Canada and the Pacific in the twentieth century. The book is a welcome contribution to a field still dominated by scholarly interests in Canada and the Anglo-American world and where Canada's connections with Asia and the Pacific are too often ignored or mentioned only in passing. Laura Madokorok, University of British Columbia, H-Canada

Greg Donaghy is Head of the Historical Section atForeign Affairs and International Trade Canada. Patricia E.Roy is Professor Emerita of History at the University ofVictoria and a member of the Royal Society of Canada.

Contributors: Carin Holroyd, Masako Iino, HamishIon, Gregory A. Johnson, John Kirton, Richard Leclerc, John D. Meehan,Galen Perras, John Price, Bill Rawling, Greg Robinson, David Sulz,Marie-Josée Therrien

Figure and Tables
Introduction / Greg Donaghy and Patricia E. Roy
1 Soul Searchers and Soft Power: The Canadian Protestant MissionaryMovement in Japan, 1873-1951 / Hamish Ion
2 God's Envoys: Canadian Catholic Missionaries in Japan, 1898-2000/ Richard Leclerc
3 Transitional Relations: Japanese Immigration and the Suian MaruAffair, 1900-11 / David Sulz
4 A Menace to the Country and the Empire: Perceptions of the JapaneseMilitary Threat to Canada before 1931 / Gregory A. Johnson and GalenRoger Perras
5 Pacific Beginnings: Canada and Japan between the Wars, 1929-41 / JohnD. Meehan
6 Only If Necessary: Canada's War against Japan, 1941-45 / BillRawling
7 Rethinking the Occupation: E.H. Norman, Canada, and the AmericanEmpire in Asia, 1945-51 / John Price
8 Two Other Solitudes: Encounters between Japanese Canadians and FrenchCanadians, 1900-50 / Greg Robinson
9 Reopening the Door: Japanese Remigration and Immigration, 1945-68 /Patricia E. Roy
10 Under the Radar: Japanese Investment in Canada since 1945 / CarinHolroyd
11 Smiling Diplomacy Redux: Trudeau's Engagement with Japan,1968-76 / Greg Donaghy
12 North Pacific Neighbours in a New World: Canada-Japan Relations,1984-2006 / John Kirton
13 Canadian Chanceries in Tokyo / Marie-Josée Therrien
14 Projecting Canada in Japan: Reflections on the Japanese Associationfor Canadian Studies, 1979-2004 / Masako Iino
Conclusion / Patricia E. Roy and Greg Donaghy
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