Archaeological Anthropology
320 pages, 6 x 9
38 b&w illustrations, 9 tables
Release Date:01 Sep 2016
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Archaeological Anthropology

Perspectives on Method and Theory

The University of Arizona Press
For centuries, the goal of archaeologists was to document and describe material artifacts, and at best to make inferences about the origins and evolution of human culture and about prehistoric and historic societies. During the 1960s, however, a number of young, primarily American archaeologists, including William Longacre, rebelled against this simplistic approach. Wanting to do more than just describe, Longacre and others believed that genuine explanations could be achieved by changing the direction, scope, and methodology of the field. What resulted was the New Archaeology, which blended scientific method and anthropology. It urged those working in the field to formulate hypotheses, derive conclusions deductively and, most important, to test them. While, over time the New Archaeology has had its critics, one point remains irrefutable: archaeology will never return to what has since been called its “state of innocence.”

In this collection of twelve new chapters, four generations of Longacre protégés show how they are building upon and developing but also modifying the theoretical paradigm that remains at the core of Americanist archaeology. The contributions focus on six themes prominent in Longacre’s career: the intellectual history of the field in the late twentieth century, archaeological methodology, analogical inference, ethnoarchaeology, cultural evolution, and reconstructing ancient society.

More than a comprehensive overview of the ideas developed by one of the most influential scholars in the field, however, Archaeological Anthropology makes stimulating contributions to contemporary research. The contributors do not unequivocally endorse Longacre’s ideas; they challenge them and expand beyond them, making this volume a fitting tribute to a man whose robust research and teaching career continues to resonate.
James M. Skibo is a professor of anthropology at Illinois State University and coeditor of the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. Michael W. Graves is a professor and chair of the Department of Anthropology at the University of New Mexico. Miriam T. Stark is a professor of anthropology at the University of Hawai'i at M noa. She is the editor of the journal Asian Perspectives and is the codirector of the Lower Mekong Archaeological Project.
Foreword The New Archaeology and After
Patty Jo Watson
1 The Intellectual Legacies of an Archaeological Paradigm
Michael W. Graves and Ezra B. W. Zubrow
2 Middle Range Theory in Historical Archaeology
Mark P. Leone
3 Archaeological Anthropology and Strategies of Knowledge Formation in American Archaeology
Alan P. Sullivan III
4 Some Thoughts on the Archaeological Study of Social Organization
Michael Brian Schiffer
5 Smudge Pits and Hide Smoking Revisited
James M. Skibo, John G. Franzen, and Eric C. Drake
6 A History of the Kalinga Ethnoarchaeological Project
Miriam T. Stark and James M. Skibo
7 Midden Ceramics and Their Sources in Kalinga
Margaret E. Beck and Matthew E. Hill Jr.
8 Contingency Theory and the Organizational Behavior of Traditional Pottery Production
Mark A. Neupert
9 A Holistic Approach to Pre-Hispanic Craft Production
Izumi Shimada and Ursel Wagner
10 Learning about Learning
Patricia L. Crown
11 Migration, Population Movement, and Process at Grasshopper Pueblo, Arizona
J. Jefferson Reid and Stephanie M. Whittlesey
Lewis R. Binford

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