Banning Transgender Conversion Practices
220 pages, 6 x 9
Release Date:01 Dec 2022
Release Date:01 Apr 2022
Release Date:01 Apr 2022
Release Date:01 Apr 2022

Banning Transgender Conversion Practices

A Legal and Policy Analysis

SERIES: Law and Society
UBC Press

Survivors of conversion practices – interventions designed to prevent people from being trans – have likened them to torture. In the last decade, bans on these deeply unethical and harmful acts have proliferated, and governments across the world are considering following suit. However, despite this political momentum, few governments, scholars, or advocates have focused on the conversion experiences of transgender people.

Banning Transgender Conversion Practices centres trans realities to rethink and push forward the legal regulation of conversion therapy. Florence Ashley considers pivotal questions for anyone studying or working to prevent these harmful interventions. What is the scope of the bans? How do they differ across jurisdictions? What are the advantages and disadvantages of legislative approaches to regulating trans conversion therapy? How can we improve these prohibitions? In answering these questions and more, they synthesize statutory interpretation, comparative and constitutional analysis, bioethics, the sociology of professions, and policy evaluation to conclude that preventing conversion efforts necessitates affirmative healthcare professional cultures and the adoption of detailed laws that clearly communicate which practices are banned.

Importantly, Banning Transgender Conversion Practices analysis culminates in a carefully annotated model law that offers meticulous guidance for legislatures and policymakers.

This compelling study will interest legal scholars, policymakers, lawyers, judges, health care professionals, 2SLGBTQIA+ advocates, and anyone interested in improving the lives of trans people.

Authored by an award-winning legal scholar, this book has an obvious home beyond academic law library collections. Alexandra Kwan, University of Toronto, Canadian Law Library Review
Florence Ashley does a magnificent job putting theory into practice. Rebecca Sanaeikia, University of Rochester, Medical Law International
Banning Transgender Conversion Practices, just published by UBC Press, is nothing short of a rhetorical tour de force. Brigitte Pellerin, National Magazine

Florence Ashley is a transfeminine jurist and bioethicist. A doctoral candidate at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law and Joint Centre for Bioethics, Ashley is also a recipient of the Canadian Bar Association SOGIC (LGBT) Section Hero Award and has been published in journals such as the University of Toronto Law Journal and the Journal of Medical Ethics.



1 What Are Trans Conversion Practices?

2 Interpreting the Scope of Bans

3 Legal Variants Across the Globe

4 Opposition and Constitutional Challenges to Bans

5 Policy Analysis

6 Developing an Affirmative Professional Culture

7 Annotated Model Law for Prohibiting Conversion Practices


Appendix: Professional Organizations Opposing Trans Conversion Practices

Notes; Glossary; Index

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