Forced Marches
288 pages, 6 x 9
15 b-w photographs
Release Date:18 Oct 2012

Forced Marches

Soldiers and Military Caciques in Modern Mexico

The University of Arizona Press
Forced Marches is a collection of innovative essays that analyze how the military experience molded Mexican citizens in the years between the initial war for independence in 1810 and the consolidation of the revolutionary order in the 1940s. The contributors—well-regarded scholars from the United States and the United Kingdom—offer fresh interpretations of the Mexican military, caciquismo, and the enduring pervasiveness of violence in Mexican society. Employing the approaches of the new military history, which emphasizes the relationships between the state, society, and the “official” militaries and “unofficial” militias, these provocative essays engage (and occasionally do battle with) recent scholarship on the early national period, the Reform, the Porfiriato, and the Revolution.

When Mexico first became a nation, its military and militias were two of the country’s few major institutions besides the Catholic Church. The army and local provincial militias functioned both as political pillars, providing institutional stability of a crude sort, and as springboards for the ambitions of individual officers. Military service provided upward social mobility, and it taught a variety of useful skills, such as mathematics and bookkeeping.

In the postcolonial era, however, militia units devoured state budgets, spending most of the national revenue and encouraging locales to incur debts to support them. Men with rifles provided the principal means for maintaining law and order, but they also constituted a breeding-ground for rowdiness and discontent. As these chapters make clear, understanding the history of state-making in Mexico requires coming to terms with its military past.
An innovative, at times provocative, anthology.’—Southwestern Historical Quarterly

‘A challenging and thought-provoking collection of essays.’—American Historical Review

‘This is a highly significant contribution to a field that is surprisingly underworked.’ —Tim Henderson, author of The Worm in the Wheat: Rosalie Evans and Agrarian Struggle in the Puebla-Tlaxcala Valley of Mexico, 1906–1927

‘A first-rate anthology filled with innovative essays that challenge traditional interpretations of the Mexican military, caciquismo, and the enduring pervasiveness of violence in Mexican Society.’—Allen Wells, author of Tropical Zion: General Trujillo, FDR, and the Jews of Sosúa
Ben Fallaw is an associate professor of history and Latin American studies at Colby College. He has authored and co-edited several books, including Cárdenas Compromised: The Failure of Reform in Postrevolutionary Yucatán and Peripheral Visions: Politics, Society, and the Challenges of Modernity in Yucatán. Terry Rugeley is a professor of Latin American history at the University of Oklahoma. He recently received the Regents’ Award for Superior Research. He is the author of five books, including Rebellion Now and Forever and Alone in Mexico: The Astonishing Travels of Karl Heller, 1845–1848.
Redrafting History: The Challenges of Scholarship on the Mexican Military Experience
Terry Rugeley and Ben Fallaw
1. An Unsatisfactory Picture of Civil Commotion: Unpopular Militias and Tepid Nationalism in the Mexican Southeast
Terry Rugeley
2. The Mobile National Guard of Guanajuato, 1855–1858: Military Hybridization and Statecraft in Reforma Mexico
Daniel S. Haworth
3. Behaving Badly in Mexico City: Discipline and Identity in the Presidential Guards, 1900–1911
Stephen Neufeld
4. Heliodoro Charis Castro and the Soldiers of Juchitán: Indigenous Militarism, Local Rule, and the Mexican State
Benjamin T. Smith
5. Eulogio Ortiz: The Army and the Antipolitics of Postrevolutionary State Formation, 1920–1935
Ben Fallaw
6. Revolutionary Citizenship against Institutional Inertia: Cardenismo and the Mexican Army, 1934–1940
Thomas Rath
7. Military Caciquismo in the PRIísta State: General Mange’s Command in Veracruz
Paul Gillingham
Conclusion: Reflections on State Theory through the Lens of the Mexican Military
David Nugent
About the Contributors
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