Japan's Emergence as a Modern State - 60th anniv. ed.
336 pages, 6 x 9
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Release Date:01 Oct 2007
ISBN:9780774852135
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Japan's Emergence as a Modern State - 60th anniv. ed.

Political and Economic Problems of the Meiji Period

UBC Press
Originally published in 1940 by the Institute of Pacific Relations(IPR), this classic work by a leading 20th-century Japanologist has anenduring value. Japan's Emergence as a Modern Stateexamines the problems and accomplishments of the Meiji period(1868-1912). This edition includes forewords by: R. Gordon Robertson, aformer member of the Canadian Department of External Affairs; LenEdwards, the present Canadian ambassador to Japan; and William L.Holland, former secretary-general of the IPR; as well as a preface andintroduction by Lawrence Woods. Also included are 10 short essays byleading Canadian, Japanese, and American scholars of Japanese politics,history, and economics,
As provocative a touchstone as we will ever have for understanding the early encounter of Western historians with "Japan's emergence as a modern state."  The book is an invaluable resource; its republication emphasizes Norman's significance as an interpreter of Japan's history and culture. John W. Dower
E. Herbert Norman (1909-57) joined the CanadianDepartment of External Affairs after his studies and was posted toJapan in 1940-42. In 1946 he returned as part of the Allied occupationteam. Accused of Communist sympathies and hounded by Joseph McCarthy,he committed suicide while posted as ambassador to Egypt.Lawrence T. Woods (editor) teaches internationalstudies at the University of Northern British Columbia.

Forewords / R. Gordon Robertson,  Len Edwards, and WilliamL. Holland

Editor's Preface

Introduction: The Contemporary Relevance of Herbert Norman'sEmergence / Lawrence T. Woods

Japan's Emergence as a Modern State

Foreword

Author's preface

I. Introduction

II. The background of the Meiji restoration

The decay of feudalism

The forcing of the closed door

III. The restoration

Historical background of the feudal-merchant coalition

The clan monopoly system and its effects on feudal-merchantrelations

Introduction of capitalism into the clans

The feudal-merchant alliance and the Meiji restoration

Origin of the modern bureaucrat in the movement for clan reform

The agrarian movement in the early Meiji period (1868-77)

The lower samurai as leaders of the Meiji restoration

The split over a Korean expedition Continued opposition to thegovernment ends in civil war

Anti-feudal policy of the Meiji government: Its attitudes toward thefeudal daimyo and landlord class

Conclusion: Factors which conditioned the establishment of a modernstate in Japan

IV. Early industrialization

Production and circulation of commodities

Division of labour

Accumulation of capital

European and Japanese mercantilism compared

Predominance of banking capital in Japan

Role of foreign capital in early Japanese industrialization

The history and influence of strategic industries

Starting point of Japanese industrialization conditioned by militarynecessity

Change in industrial policy and the law for the transfer ofgovernment factories

The key industries and the bureaucracy

V. The agrarian settlement and its socialconsequences

The trend toward private ownership in land

Land tax revision of 1873

Dispossession of the peasantry

Comparison of peasant dispossession and its effects in Japan andEngland

Minute-scale farming in Japan: Its cause and effects

Social character of the Japanese tenant farmer

The question of a stagnant surplus population and the creation ofthe labor market

Creation of a home market and its limitations

VI. Parties and politics Agrarian movement of the secondperiod, 1877-83, and rise of the Liberal Party (Jiyuto)

Outline of early political societies and parties

The government policy toward political parties

New shift of agrarian revolt following dissolution of jiyuto in1884

Strengthening of the state: The constitution of 1889

Political parties and the Diet Foreign policy and internationalrelations

How the struggle for national independence inevitably led toexpansion

The position of a Liberal opposition and the question of"military versus civil" in the Japanese government

Conclusion

Selected bibliography on Meiji Japan

Glossary

1. The Importance of Rereading E.H. Norman / Herbert P.Bix

2. On Norman's Emergence / Roger Bowen

3. The Historian in His Times: E.H. Norman and Japan / John W.Dower

4. E.H. Norman's Emergence and the IPR / Paul F.Hooper

5. Emergence in Context / John F. Howes

6. The State of Japanese Political Studies: Lessons from E.H. Norman/ Patricia Maclachlan

7. Emergence and After / Nagao Ryuichi

8. Emergence as History / George M. Oshiro

9. E.H. Norman and Japan's Emergence as a Neo-Modern State /M. William Steele

10. An Economic Aspect of the Meiji Restoration / TsuruShigeto

Contributors

Index

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