Transit Street Design Guide
260 pages, 8 1/4 x 10 3/4
Full color, 70 photos and illustrations
Hardcover
Release Date:14 Apr 2016
ISBN:9781610917476
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Transit Street Design Guide

By National Association of City Transportation Officials
Island Press
Transit and cities grow together. As cities work to become more compact, sustainable, and healthy, their work is paying dividends: in 2014, Americans took 10.8 billion trips on public transit, the highest since the dawn of the highway era. But most of these trips are on streets that were designed to move private cars, with transit as an afterthought. The NACTO Transit Street Design Guide places transit where it belongs, at the heart of street design. The guide shows how streets of every size can be redesigned to create great transit streets, supporting great neighborhoods and downtowns.
 
The Transit Street Design Guide is a well-illustrated, detailed introduction to designing streets for high-quality transit, from local buses to BRT, from streetcars to light rail. Drawing on the expertise of a peer network and case studies from across North America, the guide provides a much-needed link between transit planning, transportation engineering, and street design. The Transit Street Design Guide presents a new set of core principles, street typologies, and design strategies that shift the paradigm for streets, from merely accommodating service to actively prioritizing great transit. The book expands on the transit information in the acclaimed Urban Street Design Guide, with sections on comprehensive transit street design, lane design and materials, stations and stops, intersection strategies, and city transit networks. It also details performance measures and outlines how to make the case for great transit street design in cities.
 
The guide is built on simple math: allocating scarce space to transit instead of private automobiles greatly expands the number of people a street can move. Street design and decisions made by cities, from how to time signals to where bus stops are placed, can dramatically change how transit works and how people use it.
 
The Transit Street Design Guide is a vital resource for every transportation planner, transit operations planner, and city traffic engineer working on making streets that move more people more efficiently and affordably.
            
The book is a delightful mixture of detailed design standards and parameters and the shaping of cities in ways that will enhance the importance of public transport and reduce car use...It is to be hoped that all those involved with urban design, public transport and healthy cities will find the find the details they need in this book to design and implement a new paradigm. World Transport Policy and Practice
The Transit Street Design Guide offers on-the-ground knowledge and proven ideas about how transit makes great streets. Cities of every size can use this indispensable template to create streets that support local businesses and strong neighborhoods while moving more people more efficiently. Seleta Reynolds, General Manager of the Los Angeles Department of Transportation and NACTO President
Cities thrive when we put people and transit first when designing our streets. In this guide, transit agencies and city transportation departments have collaborated on new approaches to improving transit operations and the rider’s experience—and make our cities better places. David Bragdon, Executive Director of TransitCenter; former President, Oregon Metro Council
Public transit customers want speed and reliability, but this goal can collide with desires for slow and intimate streets. Great streets can do both, and this guide shows how. Jarrett Walker, President and Principal Consultant of Jarrett Walker + Associates; author of "Human Transit"
The NACTO Transit Street Design Guide is part of a movement of cities to put people and transit right where they belong, at the heart of city street design. It’s about a shift in mindset and recognizing priorities, from moving machines to moving people. Ed Reiskin, Director of the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency and NACTO President Emeritus
The National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO) is a membership network that facilitates the exchange of transportation ideas, insights and best practices among large cities, while fostering a cooperative approach to key issues facing cities and metropolitan areas.
Foreword
About the Guide
Using the Guide
 
1. INTRODUCTION
-Key Principles
-Why Transit Streets Matter
-Designing to Move People
-Reliability Matters
-Service Context
-Transit Route Types
-Transit Frequency & Volume
 
2. TRANSIT STREETS
-Transit Streets
-Transit Street Principles
-Street Environments
-Two-Way Streets
-Enhanced Neighborhood Transit Street
-Neighborhood Transit Street with Bike Lane
-Downtown Shared Transitway
-Center-Running Transit Street
-Downtown Median Transit Street
-Edgefront Transit Street
-Offset Bus Lane Street
-Median Rapid Transit Corridor
-Transit Boulevard
-One-Way Streets
-Shared Transit Street
-One-Way Streetcar Street
-Tiered Transit Street
-Parallel Paired Transitways
-One-Way Transit Corridor
-Contraflow Transit Street
 
3. STATIONS & STOPS
-Station & Stop Principles
-Stop Design Factors
-Stop Placement & Intersection Configuration
-Platform Length: In-Lane Stops
-Platform Length: Pull-Out Stops
-Platform Height
-Accessible Paths & Slopes
-Universal Design Elements
-Stop Configurations
-Boarding Bulb Stop
-Side Boarding Island Stop
-Shared Cycle Track Stop
-Curbside Pull-Out Stop
-In-Lane Sidewalk Stop
-In-Street Boarding Island Stop
-Median Stop, Right-Side Boarding
-Median Stop, Left-Side Boarding
-On-Street Terminal
 
4. STATION & STOP ELEMENTS
-Stop Elements
-Small Transit Shelter
-Large Transit Shelter
-Seating
-Fare Vending
-Passenger Information & Wayfinding
-Transit Curbs
-Bus Pads
-Green Infrastructure
-Bike Parking
-Passenger Queue Management
 
5. TRANSIT LANES & TRANSITWAYS
-Transit Lanes
-Offset Transit Lane
-Curbside Transit Lane
-Rail Lane, Side Running
-Center Transit Lane
-Peak-Only Bus Lane
-Shared Bus-Bike Lane
-Contraflow Transit Lane
-Transitways
-Center Transitway
-Side Transitway
-Lane Elements
-Pavement Material
-Green Transitway
-Pavement Markings & Color
-Separation Elements
-Signs & Signals
-Lane Design Controls
-Design Vehicles
-Vehicle Widths & Buffers
-Design Speed
 
6. INTERSECTIONS
-Intersection Principles
-Signals & Operations
-Transit Signal Progression
-Active Transit Signal Priority
-Short Signal Cycles
-Turn Restrictions
-Intersection Design for Transit
-Shared Transit/Right-Turn Lane
-Right-Turn Pocket
-Dropped Transit Lane
-Queue Jump Lanes
-Transit Approach Lane/Short Transit Lane
-Virtual Transit Lane
-Bicycle Rail Crossings
-Transit Route Turns
-Turn Radii
-Recessed Stop Line
-Transit-Only Turns
-Dedicated Turn Channel
 
7. TRANSIT SYSTEM STRATEGIES
-Network & System Principles
-Network Strategies
-Transit Networks
-Route Simplification
-From Stops to Stations
-Fares & Boarding
-Pedestrian Access & Networks
-Bicycle Access & Networks
-System Wayfinding & Brand
-Performance Measures
-Measure the Whole Street
 
8. RESOURCES
-Abbreviations
-Glossary
-Notes
-References
-Credits
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