Birds of Ontario: Habitat Requirements, Limiting Factors, and Status
368 pages, 8 x 10
82 b&w illustrations, 88 maps
Release Date:01 Feb 2007
Release Date:23 Mar 2005

Birds of Ontario: Habitat Requirements, Limiting Factors, and Status

Volume 1–Nonpasserines: Loons through Cranes

UBC Press

The vast literature on the history of birds is continually growing, but rarely has this information been compiled so that it is readily available in one reference work. Birds of Ontario is such a work, providing a comprehensive summary of the life history requirements of bird species in the province.

In the first volume, information on habitat, limiting factors, and status is presented for 84 species of nonpasserines that occur regularly in Ontario. These topics are covered for the three primary avian seasons: breeding, migration, and winter. A wealth of information, including habitat, nest sites, territoriality, site fidelity, annual reproductive effort, habitat loss and degradation, and environmental contaminants, are covered in the species accounts. The book is greatly enhanced by illustrations by Ross James. Maps depicting breeding and wintering range are also presented for each species.

Birds of Ontario will be an essential reference for wildlife biologists, environmental consultants, and planners preparing or reviewing environmental impact statements and environmental assessments. Serious birders will find it of interest as well. Although the book focuses on Ontario birds, it is highly relevant to adjacent provinces and states.

The series is intended to be ‘an essential reference for wildlife biologists, environmental consultants, and planners preparing or reviewing environmental impact statements and environmental assessments.’ However, serious birders will find these books to be of great interest as well, since they present ‘so many interesting aspects of the ecology of Ontario birds’ ... A strength of this book is that publication citations are provided in the text so that the reader is aware of the source for most statements in the species accounts, and can access the original material if desired. The emphasis on Ontario-based references distinguishes this book from other life history compilations. Sandilands has done a very thorough job of researching information, with 60 pages of literature cited ... I think Birds of Ontario will be a very useful reference for environnmental consultants and planners, but also an interesting read and a valuable information source for Ontario birders. A tremendous amount of material is summarized in the species accounts, and it is presented in a well written style. I strongly recommend this book and future volumes in the series. Ron Tozer, Ontario Birds

Al Sandilands is Senior Ecologist and principal of Gray Owl Environmental Inc. His formal learning focused on fisheries and aquatic entomology but, through his long-time interest in birds, he evolved into a wildlife biologist. For most of his career, he has been an environmental consultant.

Ross James, an ornithologist by profession, has pursued bird illustration for more than 40 years. He has published illustrations in two volumes of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, in the Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, on covers of Ontario Birds, and in the Birds of North America species accounts. He grew up in and currently resides in rural Ontario where daily contact with the natural world continues to inspire his interest in art and illustration.


Scope and Sources of Information

Format of the Species Accounts

Species Accounts

  • Snow Goose
  • Ross’s Goose
  • Canada Goose
  • Brant Mute Swan
  • Trumpeter Swan
  • Tundra Swan
  • Wood Duck
  • Gadwall
  • American Wigeon
  • American Black Duck
  • Mallard
  • Blue-winged Teal
  • Cinnamon Teal
  • Northern Shoveler
  • Northern Pintail
  • Green-winged Teal
  • Canvasback
  • Redhead
  • Ring-necked Duck
  • Greater Scaup
  • Lesser Scaup
  • King Eider
  • Common Eider
  • Surf Scoter
  • White-winged Scoter
  • Black Scoter
  • Long-tailed Duck
  • Bufflehead
  • Common Goldeneye
  • Hooded Merganser
  • Common Merganser
  • Red-breasted Merganser
  • Ruddy Duck
  • Gray Partridge
  • Ring-necked Pheasant
  • Ruffed Grouse
  • Spruce Grouse
  • Willow Ptarmigan
  • Sharp-tailed Grouse
  • Greater Prairie-Chicken
  • Wild Turkey
  • Northern Bobwhite
  • Red-throated Loon
  • Pacific Loon
  • Common Loon
  • Pied-billed Grebe
  • Horned Grebe
  • Red-necked Grebe
  • Eared Grebe
  • American White Pelican
  • Double-crested Cormorant
  • American Bittern
  • Least Bittern
  • Great Blue Heron
  • Great Egret
  • Snowy Egret
  • Cattle Egret
  • Green Heron
  • Black-crowned Night-Heron
  • Turkey Vulture
  • Osprey
  • Bald Eagle
  • Northern Harrier
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk
  • Cooper’s Hawk
  • Northern Goshawk
  • Red-shouldered Hawk
  • Broad-winged Hawk
  • Swainson’s Hawk
  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Rough-legged Hawk
  • Golden Eagle
  • American Kestrel
  • Merlin Gyrfalcon
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Yellow Rail
  • King Rail
  • Virginia Rail
  • Sora Common Moorhen
  • American Coot
  • Sandhill Crane


Literature Cited

Index to Common and Scientific Bird Names

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