Two Families
144 pages, 6 x 9
1 map, 16 photos
Release Date:01 Feb 2007
Release Date:31 Jan 2019

Two Families

Treaties and Government

UBC Press, Purich Publishing

Writing in response to a student asking him what the treaties mean, Harold Johnson’s narrative on the relationship between First Nations, governments, and society in general presents a different view of the treaty relationship. Treaties were the instruments that gave Europeans the right to settle here, share resources, and build a relationship of equality with those who were here before. Johnson’s ancestors did not intend the treaties to allow the subjugation and impoverishment of First Nations, or give settler governments the right to legislate every aspect of First Nations activities.

In an easy to read style, the author presents his eloquent view, on behalf of a people, on what treaties between First Nations and governments represent. Topics discussed include the justice system, reconciliation of laws, political divisions, resources, taxation, assimilation, leadership, sovereignty, the Constitution, youth, and relations between next generations. Two Families is a passionate plea for the restoration of harmony and equality between First Nations and the rest of Canadian society. It is a must read for everyone seeking to understand an Aboriginal perspective on treaties.

“Kiciwamanawak, my cousin: that is what my Elders said to call you. You have a treaty right to occupy and use this territory. You received that right when my family adopted yours.”

While initially it may appear to be a strange addition to a law library, this slender text should be required reading for anyone working in aboriginal law or treaty interpretation. Patrick Fawcett, Canadian Law Library Review
As Chief of the Montreal Lake Cree Nation, I endorse the writing of Harold Johnson. His use of the inclusive Kiciwamanawak in the discussion formally introduces him as the speaker for all of us to all of you… Chief Lionel Bird
Harold Johnson practices law in La Ronge, northern Saskatchewan, and balances this with operating his family’s traditional trap line using a dog team. He has served in the Canadian Navy, and worked in mining and logging before returning to school. He holds a law degree from the University of Saskatchewan and a master’s degree in law from Harvard. He is also the author of two novels, Billy Tinker and Backtrack, both set in northern Saskatchewan against a background of traditional Cree mythology.



1 My Family

2 Your Family

3 The Adoption of Your Family by My Family

4 Your Family’s Justice System

5 Reconciliation of Laws

6 Political Divisions

7 Resources

8 Taxation

9 Assimilation

10 Leadership

11 Sovereignty

12 Your Constitution

13 Youth

14 Next Generation

Appendix A: Treaty No. 6

Appendix B: Adhesion by Cree Indians


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