Globalization includes complex processes, easy to identify but difficult to explain. Why, for instance, are globalizing processes so unevenly distributed between poor and wealthy countries? What effect does this uneven distribution have on the everyday lives of ordinary people?
The contributors to this volume find answers to these questions in the Mediterranean, a region divided between the relatively wealthy people of the north shore, who are engaged with Europe and modernized, and their poorer neighbours to the south, who strive daily to meet the same standards of living and modes of governance as their more Westernized neighbours to the north. In these two regions, divergent histories, economies, cultural and linguistic backgrounds, education systems, and political structures lead to explanations for uneven globalization and disparities in the achievement of individual and collective autonomy, in the Mediterranean region and around the world.
These illuminating case studies show that globalization for the people of North Africa and the Near East has precipitated both a desire to build stronger ties with an ever-wary Europe and a search for individual and collective autonomy, particularly in the cultural realm. The seeds of discontent sown by these struggles underpin the demonstrations for political autonomy that sparked the Arab Spring.
This book will appeal to students and scholars of globalization, politics, and sociology and to anyone interested in the future of democracy in the Mediterranean and the Near East.
Yassine Essid is an expert on the history of Islamic economic thought and on the history and place of Islam in North Africa and the Middle East. William D. Coleman has overseen the writing of the books in the Globalization and Autonomy Series. He carries out research on different theories about globalization and on global governance.
Contributors: Mongi Bahloul, Samouel Béji, Houda Ben Hassen, Almudena Hasan Bosque, Lotfi Bouzaïane, Abdeljabbar Bsaies, Faika Charfi, Hachmi Dhaou, Yassine Essid, Sonia Fellous, Amado A. Millán Fuertes, Nizard Jouini, Rulof Kerkhoff, Myriem Lakhoua, Latifa Lakhdhar, Jihen Malek, Paula Durán Monfort, Rim Ben Ayed Mouelhi, Olivia Orozco de la Torre, Fatma Sarraj, François Zabbal, and Sameh Zouari.
Preface to Series / Preface to the English Edition
Introduction / Yassine Essid and William D. Coleman
Part 1: Adapting and Integrating -- Governing in Globalization
1 Globalization, Governance, and Autonomy / Abdeljabbar Bsaies
2 Globalization, Autonomy, and the Euro-Mediterranean Space: The Issues of Regional Cooperation and the Challenges of Sovereignty / Faika Charfi and Sameh Zouari
Part 2: Globalization in the Great Texts
3 ‘Asabiyya, Market, and Society: The Contemporary Relevance of Ibn Khaldun’s Vision of Social Change / Olivia Orozco de la Torre
4 Transmission of Texts and Globalization of Knowledge: Inter-religious Dialogue in Castile in the Fifteenth Century / Sonia Fellous
Part 3: Religions and Globalization
5 Islam: Globalization, Autonomy, and Internationality / Mohamed Yassine Essid
6 Muslim Women in the Mediterranean Region: Discriminatory Autonomy / Latifa Lakhdhar
Part 4: Cultural Autonomy -- Music and Food
7 Local Tunisian Music and Globalization: Between Musical Autonomy and Commercial Autonomy / Myriem Lakhoua
8 Globalization and Food Autonomy in the Mediterranean Region / Amado A. Millán Fuertes
9 The Fuentes de Ebro Sweet Onion: Autonomy through Globalization / Rulof Kerkhoff
10 Globalization of Food Practices in Amman / Almudena Hasan Bosque
11 Food Globalization and Autonomy Strategies: The Case of Meat in Tunisia / Paula Durán Monfort
Part 5: Cultural Autonomy -- Languages and Education
12 Globalized Literature and Autonomy: The Arabic Novel in the West / François Zabbal
13 The Use of English in North Africa: From Globalization to Autonomy / Mongi Bahloul
14 Globalization, Autonomy, and Higher Education: The French and Tunisian Cases / Houda Ben Hassen
Part 6: Globalization and Autonomy -- The Economic Question
15 The Economics of Globalization and Autonomy in the Mediterranean Region / Lotfi Bouzaïane
16 Globalization and Autonomy in the Mediterranean Region: The Roles of the Main Stakeholders / Rim Ben Ayed Mouelhi
17 The Challenge of Financial Globalization in Countries South of the Mediterranean Basin / Samouel Béji
18 Industrial Policy in the Mediterranean Region and Capacities for Autonomy in a Context of Globalization / Jihen Malek
19 The South Mediterranean Countries and Economic Opening: The State of Affairs / Nizard Jouini
20 The Mediterranean and Outsourcing / Fatma Sarraj
21 Globalization and Autonomy: The Individual in the Maghreb / Interview with Dr. Hashmi Dhaoui
Notes; Works Cited; Index
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