Inuit Education and Schools in the Eastern Arctic
Since the mid-twentieth century, sustained contact between Inuit and newcomers has led to profound changes in education in the Eastern Arctic, including the experience of colonization and progress toward the re-establishment of traditional education in schools. The milestone of the establishment of Nunavut Territory in 1999 was followed by the 2006 Berger Report, which drew attention to problems remaining in the territory’s education system.
As the first history of education in the Eastern Arctic, this groundbreaking study provides the historical context needed to understand educational challenges faced in Nunavut. With an emphasis on cultural negotiation, policy making, and the role of tradition, Heather McGregor assesses developments in the history of education in four periods – the traditional, the colonial (1945-70), the territorial (1971-81), and the local (1982-99). She concludes that education is most successful when Inuit involvement and local control support a system that reflects Inuit culture and Inuit visions for the future.
This groundbreaking study reveals that education was used not only to assimilate Inuit but also to reflect and reinforce Inuit culture and traditions. Its focus on the themes of cultural negotiation, policy making, and the role of tradition will be welcomed by educators, administrators, and researchers in Inuit and First Nations communities across the North and anyone interested in the history of education in Canada.
This book will be welcomed by educators, administrators, and researchers in Inuit and First Nations communities across the North and anyone interested in the history of education in Canada.
I would recommend this book to a wide general audience because it offers a structured and well-researched account of the relationship between Inuit and the Canadian state.
This book is very important to the field of Inuit education ... It clearly shows that when schools create different power relationships with Inuit families and communities, positive results can be seen.
Heather E. McGregor is a researcher who currently works for the public service in Nunavut.
1 History of the Eastern Arctic: Foundations and Themes
2 Living and Learning on the Land: Inuit Education in the Traditional Period
3 Qallunaat Schooling: Assimilation in the Colonial Period
4 Educational Change: New Possibilities in the Territorial Period
5 Reclaiming the Schools: Inuit Involvement in the Local Period
Appendix: Inuit Qaujimajatuqanginnik (IQ) Guiding Principles
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